Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Compare and Contrast Functionalist and Marxist Theories of Stratification Stratification is the separation of society into layers which are distinguished by unequal rewards and life chances and many systems of stratification have been based on slavery, caste and feudalism. Slavery, being the oldest and most extreme form of stratification , involves the enslavement or ownership of others. This ownership came about as a result of conquest, trade, kidnapping, hereditary status or the repayment of a debt. The classic example of the caste system is based on the Hindu religion, where caste codes have to be obeyed before being reborn into a new, higher caste.
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Compare and Contrast Any Two Sociological Theories and Briefly Evaluate Them.
Egoistic suicide occurs when an individual feels very isolated from the social group. It results from the lack of integration of the individual into his or her social group. It is greatly seen in modern society. Altruistic suicide happens when there is excessive regulation of individuals by social forces. In this Essay I will compare and contrast two major theoretical perspectives in Sociology. It describes and analyses social behaviour. It seeks to discover how human society has come.
Cape® Sociology Past Papers
Next is the topic of class antagonism, which does not seem to be an issue within the factory setting. Within the factory, there is a lack of class conflict, and rather a social hierarchy in which each man knows his place and obeys orders from the man above him. This idea later becomes the sociological theory we know as capitalism. Max Weber was interested in understanding the human behavior Bartle,
It was developed by other sociologists in the 20th century and was a popular idea until the s when it came under criticism from new ideas. Functionalism is most often associated with sociology and sociocultural anthropology. Functionalism focuses on the structure and workings of society. Functionalists see society as made up of inter-dependent sections which work together to fulfill the functions necessary for the survival of society as a whole. People are socialized into roles and behaviours which fulfill the needs of society.