Factors affecting economic development - Economics Help
The world produces enough food to feed 10 billion people. Poverty and hunger prevail because of economics, not scarcity. T he greatest challenge for the sustainable development goals SDGs is to eradicate poverty and hunger while maintaining sustainable food security for all in a crowded and dramatically unequal world. Although the world has succeeded in reducing poverty in accordance with the millennium development goal MDG targets, food security and adequate nutrition have not been achieved. The MDGs failed to treat food as a human right. Experience shows us that neither markets nor governments protect access to sufficient and nutritious food for everyone. Only accountability by those who produce food and regulate society can hope to achieve this protection, and this means that access to food needs to be treated as a human right, and not just as a policy goal or an outcome of a productive economy.
The Effects of Economic Growth on Pollution
People displaced from their homes because of war and conflict—as some of the migrants shown here in Rome, Italy, likely are—often are vulnerable to hunger. Hunger is not caused by food shortage alone, but by a combination of natural, social, and political forces. Currently, natural resources that are necessary for human survival—like freshwater, the ocean, forests, soils, and more—are dwindling.
Some people say that economic growth is the only way to end world poverty and hunger. Others say that economic growth is damaging the environment and should stop. Despite its benefits of addressing poverty and hunger, economic growth could be fraught with more environmental drawbacks.