During Hitler's rise to power , it was frequently referred to as Hitlerism. The related term " Neo-Nazism " is applied to other far-right groups with similar ideas which formed after the collapse of the Nazi regime. Nazism is a form of fascism ,     with disdain for liberal democracy and the parliamentary system. It incorporates fervent antisemitism , anti-communism , scientific racism , and the use of eugenics into its creed. The Nazis aimed to unite all Germans living in historically German territory, as well as gain additional lands for German expansion under the doctrine of Lebensraum and exclude those who they deemed either Community Aliens or "inferior" races. The term "National Socialism" arose out of attempts to create a nationalist redefinition of socialism , as an alternative to both Marxist international socialism and free-market capitalism.
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African American Citizen Action in the 20th Century | New York State Archives
In the dialogue, Socrates talks with various Athenians and foreigners about the meaning of justice and whether the just man is happier than the unjust man. They also discuss the theory of forms , the immortality of the soul , and the role of the philosopher and of poetry in society. While visiting the Piraeus with Glaucon , Polemarchus tells Socrates to join him for a romp. Socrates then asks Cephalus , Polemarchus, and Thrasymachus their definitions of justice.
Racial Discrimination In The 20th Century
The concept predates the term; Plato suggested applying the principles of selective breeding to humans around BC. Early advocates of eugenics in the 19th century regarded it as a way of improving groups of people. In contemporary usage, the term eugenics is closely associated with scientific racism and white supremacy. While eugenic principles have been practiced as early as ancient Greece , the contemporary history of eugenics began in the late 19th century, when a popular eugenics movement emerged in the United Kingdom ,  and then spread to many countries, including the United States , Canada,  Australia,  and most European countries. In this period, people from across the political spectrum espoused eugenic ideas.
The city has the country's fifth-largest population at , as of  and lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous urban area , with a population of 2. The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium or Mancunium , which was established in about AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell. Although historically and traditionally a part of Lancashire , areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated into Manchester in the 20th century.