Government and society in China were grounded in the Confucian philosophy, which held that there was a basic order in the universe and a natural harmony linking man, nature, and the cosmos heaven ; it also held that man was by nature a social being, and that the natural order of the universe should be reflected in human relations. The family unit was seen as the primary social unit; relationships within the family were fundamental to all others and comprised three of the "five relationships" that were the models for all others: sovereign-subject; husband-wife; parent-child; elder brother-younger brother; friend-friend. In this hierarchy of social relations, each role had clearly defined duties; reciprocity or mutual responsibility between subordinate and superior was fundamental to the Confucian concept of human relations. The virtue of filial piety , or devotion of the child to his parents, was the foundation for all others.
The Biography of Confucius
Ancient China: Confucius Biography
Difference Between Aristotle And Confucius
The notion of the social contract theory is the agreement or consensus between the people being ruled and their rulers. In this theory, "morality consists in the set of rules governing behaviour, that rational people would accept, on the condition that others accept them as well. At the very beginning, man dwelled with nature where there was no government to set aside laws to rule over him. However, man was faced with various calamities and hardships in certain aspects of life. Base on the quote, people do not follow the laws of nature, but rather man create their own rules for personal gain.
A student once asked Confucius about government. From of old, death has been the lot humanity; but if the people have no faith in their rulers, there is no standing for the state. Happiness and joy within relationships, like governments, are based on mutual trust and respect far more than love and affection.