Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet which does not supply a healthy amount of one or more nutrients. This includes diets that have too little nutrients or so many that the diet causes health problems. Undernourishment is most often due to a lack of high-quality food which is available to eat. Infectious diseases such as gastroenteritis , pneumonia , malaria , and measles , which increase nutrient requirements, can also cause malnutrition. Other causes of malnutrition include anorexia nervosa and bariatric surgery. Efforts to improve nutrition are some of the most effective forms of development aid.
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World Hunger Problems and Solutions Free Essay Example
Golden Rice, created 20 years ago and intended as an additional intervention to combat vitamin A deficiency, is closer to being released for cultivation and human consumption in the Philippines and Bangladesh. Assessments of environmental and consumer safety, following detailed research over many years, have been submitted in applications to the corresponding authorities more in the Regulatory section. Separately, the efficiency of conversion of the beta-carotene provitamin A in Golden Rice to circulating vitamin A has been reported from human studies, proving that Golden Rice is an effective source of Vitamin A Tang et al. Biosafety assessments involve the molecular characterisation of the introduced gene constructs and the biochemical characterisation of the improved crop plant, including a comparative compositional analysis of the biofortified Golden Rice against conventional white rice grains. The molecular characterisation involves analysing the integrity and stability of the inserted gene construct.
World Hunger Problems and Solutions
This entry focuses on the history of famine and famine mortality over time. Our data include information only up to This does not include any data on the current food emergencies affecting Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria and Ethiopia.
Malthusianism is the idea that population growth is potentially exponential while the growth of the food supply or other resources is linear , which eventually reduces living standards to the point of triggering a population die off. This event, called a Malthusian catastrophe also known as a Malthusian trap , population trap , Malthusian check , Malthusian crisis , Malthusian spectre , or Malthusian crunch occurs when population growth outpaces agricultural production , causing famine or war , resulting in poverty and depopulation. Such a catastrophe inevitably has the effect of forcing the population quite rapidly, due to the potential severity and unpredictable results of the mitigating factors involved, as compared to the relatively slow time scales and well-understood processes governing unchecked growth or growth affected by preventive checks to "correct" back to a lower, more easily sustainable level. These concepts derive from the political and economic thought of the Reverend Thomas Robert Malthus , as laid out in his writings, An Essay on the Principle of Population.