A literature review is an essential part of a Ph. This chapter is similar to what is called the list of references and its main purpose is to collect all the relevant sources of information and organize them in a logical sequence. This part of a dissertation should also make an evaluation of all available sources and find the gaps in existing knowledge on a particular topic in order to create a reasoned ground for research. Thus, it is important to do it properly.
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The first is the task of reviewing the literature — i. The second is the actual chapter that you write up in your dissertation, thesis or research project. The second step of the literature review is to write the actual literature review chapter this is usually the second chapter in a typical dissertation or thesis structure. This chapter should provide a smooth-flowing discussion of what research has already been done, what is known, what is unknown and what is contested in relation to your research topic. So, you can think of it as an integrated review of the state of knowledge around your research topic.
Example of A Literature Review Structure
A literature review is a "comprehensive study and interpretation of literature that addresses a specific topic" Aveyard, The current status of the knowledge or research about a topic, question or experienceA literature review is an opportunity to tell your story by carving a space for your topic and research question in relation to previous studies. In reporting your critical perspective on the relevant literature and identifying a gap that your research will attempt to address, it situates and establishes the importance of your topic or question within the broader academic community in your discipline or field of study:.
Published on February 22, by Shona McCombes. Revised on March 9, A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources on a specific topic.