Carla Evans July 9, This is the fifth in a series of seven posts on instructing and assessing 21 st Century skills. This post focuses on critical thinking, one of the four critical 21 st Century skills addressed in the series. Full literature reviews on the four critical 21 st Century skills collaboration, critical thinking, complex communication, and self-direction along with all of the posts in the series can be found on the 21 st Century skills resource page on the Center for Assessment website. Educational philosophers from Plato and Socrates to John Dewey highlighted the importance of critical thinking and the intrinsic value of instruction that reaches beyond simple factual recall. This post briefly defines critical thinking, explains what we know from the research about how critical thinking develops and is best instructed, and provides an overview of some major assessment issues.
Teaching for critical thinking with the K to 12 curriculum
Teaching for critical thinking with the K to 12 curriculum – Familiar Tirotories
Here I reviewed literatures on critical thinking and some of its implications in the K to 12 curriculum. I also asked whether critical thinking as a skill should be taught as a separate subject or embedded across all subjects. As a major intellectual and practical skill, modern scholars even consider training in critical thinking as the primary task of education Reed, Undoubtedly, critical thinking has been a perennial topic of many theses, dissertations, researches and conferences within the realms of philosophy, psychology and education. It even plays a major role in the aspirations and recommendations of curriculum developers. Scientific and religious authorities consider critical thinking prerequisite in practicing both their professions.
Reconciling Four Models of Critical Thinking: FSU QEP, Paul-Elder, CLA, and APA Delphi
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